"Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies showing the 1998 El Nino event" from Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, http://tinyurl.com/nasa1998
Today I received an email from my friend John G. Mr. G. knows who he is. John's probably a libertarian at heart, but he's so tied into the Texas Republican machine (the same Republican machine that W is tied into) that over time I have come to doubt his motives before I stop to examine them. Today's email linked to a doubting-Thomas climate story by BBC's "Climate Correspondent," Paul Hudson. The opening volley noted that 1998 was the hottest year on record in the past twelve, as though that proves warming stopped in 1998. I really didn't read further into the article, because it annoyed me that a so-called Climate Correspondent did not know that the 1998 heat blip was a result of El Nino overlaid upon a warming trend. And that it might not occur to a Climate Correspondent that climate patterns are a lot like stock market trends. They jig up and down, up and down, on their way to wherever they're headed. A one-year spike does not a pattern undo. Or something like that.
Actually though, when I sent a nasty note to this effect back to my friend John, he shot back:
I sent that link to the BBC article on global warming--not to convince you of anything--but because it reported some scientist was presenting a paper in which he believes he has discovered the true manner in which the sun's energy affects the earth and that the effect of sun activity is greater on global warming than previously thought--which, if true, would alter the assumptions and models currently utilized. That is what I thought to be noteworthy--possibly new information on the subject. You might have missed that point, since it was buried somewhat in the middle of the article and you might not have read that far.
To which I responded:
I see that about the scientist, but Hudson couched his story in yet another "this isn't a real phenomenon" context, and of course, that's what I react to. If it was simply presented (apolitically) as... "scientists offers new model of solar impact that may require recalculation of warming impacts," I might have paid more attention. And there is no such thing, especially in science, as "true manner." There are just hypotheses that get tested ad naseum until the results are adequately consistent and we say "that's a better theory than the last one."
And the beat goes on.
Sometimes I marvel that John and I stay friends. And we are. Real friends. This, despite his looking for all the world to me like a billboard marked "Right Wing Illogic Spouted Here." I find that my tongue becomes unusually sharp, my manner smug to the point of being ashamed of myself - perhaps because we are friends and it hurts to find such balderdash in a friend. He, by contrast, has an even-tempered, southern gentlemanly sort of temperament, almost always letting my little barbs (and my leftish ways) slide off his back into the forgiving Texas soil. By the way, my saying all this about a friend, no matter his politics, may seem unkind, but John knows he has the ability to unravel me. I believe he's far too kind to do it just to see my reaction, but I could be wrong about that. Just because he's genteel doesn't mean he doesn't enjoy some good fun now and again.
In fairness to John, although not to "Climate Correspondent" Hudson, this really wasn't one of John's right wing plays. If Hudson's entree wasn't so inflammatory, I might have noticed that the article contained some interesting new science. Read Hudson's article here, http://tinyurl.com/yzw5chr. And, while I'm apologizing to John, I should also mention that, to his credit, he holds some redeemingly liberal views on certain private behaviors. And he faithfully shares his Stratfor Global Intelligence newsletter. I'll leave it at that.
Today is Blog Action Day... Bloggers, hopefully by the thousands, are all blogging about Climate Change today, in hopes of raising public consciousness. And so, in honor of John G. (and also in an "in your face, Paul Hudson, BBC 'Climate Correspondent'" sort of way), today I re-run a post I wrote way back in June, "Climate Change: Real or Hoax." It bears repeating in light of the prolific persistence of nonsense like Hudson's intro paragraph. If you were reading me in June, I apologize for the repeat, but urge you to tweet the article, or share it to facebook, or by whatever means you can, help me spread the word today, on Blog Action Day.
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Climate Change, Real or Hoax: On Science and Ideology
Climate Change, Real or Hoax: On Science and Ideology
Just when it felt like everyone had finally jumped on the bandwagon, the climate change deniers are back. Yesterday morning I found a message from my good friend John Martinson. It said, simply, "what's this about: http://www.powerlineblog.com/archives/2009/03/023144.php ?"
The webpage John referred me to belongs to the Heartland Institute, a think tank that describes its mission this way: "...to discover, develop, and promote free-market solutions to social and economic problems." Meaning that Heartland prefers market-based solutions for social problems, and would tend to oppose regulatory solutions. Heartland believes that Global Warming is a red herring.
Heartland recently hosted a 3-day conference on the issue of global warming, and the linked website contains presentation data from the conference. Coincidentally, another very bright but non-scientist friend of mine, Avi Davis - open-minded, a bit of a neocon (I only spell that out because ideology is an unavoidable part of this discussion) - attended the conference and was persuaded. So is there anything to it?
Since Congress has before it an energy bill, I suspect that the timing on this is no coincidence. The Institute's ideological preference would be easier to manage if the global warming crisis were overblown, and onset of additional regulation unnecessary.
Don't get me wrong. I'm not accusing the Institute of skewing data to manipulate Congress or "we, the people." Maybe they're seeing what they want to see in a sea of confusing data. Did you know that cognitive scientists believe we fool ourselves when we go about the business of making rational decisions? Rather, they say we subconsciously pick and choose from among the available data whichever pieces support our emotional preferences, see, e.g. Sunstein, C. (2005). Moral heuristics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28(04), 531-542. Maybe that's what Heartland does. Maybe, by the way, that's what we who believe global warming is real do, too. And for the record, since we're outing ideologies, mine is "pragmatist, left-leaning."
Even so, the fact that Heartland Institute is deeply ideological does not necessarily overcome their data. I need to feel able to tear down their data, not their ideology. While I do not begrudge them their ideology, it's the data that tells us whether or not to act. It's the old adage, "just because I'm paranoid doesn't mean someone's not out to get me" recrafted for the climate change issue, e.g. just because I'm ideologically opposed to climate change doesn't mean my data's wrong.
Even though there's been a scientific consensus about the warming aspects of CO2 for decades, Heartland has some pretty compelling charts that are easy to read and do seem to confound the issue. It's hard to know what to think when confronted by such contrarian information.
I asked some colleagues, some scientists I know from The Nature Conservancy and from the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality. I also asked a group of environmental ethicists who follow the debate pretty closely. One of the latter group, Dr. Nicholas Webster, University of Utah, put the debate into "rate of change" and anthropomorphic perspective: "The question is not so much whether the earth has been warmer or cooler (within geologic time it has been and always will be fluctuating) the question is the rate of change. Based upon this, the rate of change in climate is unprecedented and does not allow enough time, evolutionarily, for organisms to adapt. Secondly, although the world has been warmer in past geologic epochs, humans did not exist during those geologic epochs. In attempting to ameliorate climate change, we are merely attempting to maintain the climatic conditions conducive to human life."
Dr. Mark Meisner, from NYU-Syracuse, pointed me to an excellent website published by GRIST, a site that describes its mission as environmental journalism: www.grist.org/article/series/skeptics/. Grist has a page devoted to debunking the debunkers. It takes each of the claims frequently made by the deniers and answers them one-by-one.
Dr. Baylor Johnson at St. Lawrence University, using Grist as a resource, gave me as an example the denier claim that the earth stopped its warming trend in 1998. According to Grist, the claim is based on the fact that no year since has been as hot as 1998 (although there is some conflicting data about the temperatures of 2005). Dr. Johnson says, "It turns out that 1998 was especially hot because according to NASA the most powerful El Nino of the century was superimposed on the longterm warming trend. The claim that global warming stopped in 1998 is simply false. Possibly no year since has been as hot as 1998, but the trendline has continued upward once one compensates for the "noise" of a major El Nino."
I puttered around the Grist site myself, and know you'll find a lot of useful information there. But I want to end with the response from a scientist, my friend Ken Wiley, from The Nature Conservancy's Arizona Chapter. Ken, surprisingly makes a pitch for relying on ideology when science is less than certain. Although he doesn't say it, he is leaning in part on something called "the precautionary principle," the idea that when we cannot know for certain, we make a safer choice. I think his words are worth sharing:
"I'm always skeptical, and think we all should be, when the opposition to something like global warming is rooted in economic impacts and "loss of jobs". That point of view, that argument, has been used as a straw-man excuse for an enormous variety of ideological agendas for the last twenty generations...
I have no doubt that many of those who are champions of global warming also have their roots, to some degree, in ideology. All of us are hugely influenced by ideology. The opinions we each may have about such things as abortion, gay and other human rights, gun laws, sex education, taxes, the defense budget, etc. are little but ideological differences.
The discussion about global warming fits, I think, into a category that is different than those listed in the last sentence. It, ultimately, HAS TO be decided by science, and it certainly, absolutely, beyond a doubt will be.
The key question, essentially your question, is "What do we do now, when we perhaps do not have the definitive answer, or the clear undeniable data to give us the answer, to what is clearly an emerging and potentially extremely important question?" I think the answer, since we do not have the smoking gun evidence, and likely will not ever have it to a degree that will satisfy all of the anti-climate change ideologues until it is too late, is to be found in ideology.
...My ideological leanings are that fossil fuels pollute, cause social disruption, are increasingly expensive, politically dangerous and economically disruptive. We all know, ideology aside, that we need to start finding alternatives. I accept the basic arguments advanced by Thomas Friedman in "Hot, Flat and Crowded" that there are compelling reasons for the development of sustainable energy, sustainable economies, population "control" and, yes, taking an ideological view that defines an alternative future for society, an new approach that transcends arguments solely based on the fear and paranoia related to a doomsday climate change scenario.
"Ideology" is such a charged and polarizing word. During the Bush years, "their" ideology was a very bad thing, smacking of prejudice and ignorance and cruelty and hubris... [By contrast], we were sure that "our" ideology was based on caring and fairness and optimism and hope for the future[!]
As always, almost no matter the situation, "their" (whoever "they" might be) ideology sucks and "ours" (whoever "we" might be) is the right and true thing. We're humans; I don't think we can get away from it. And I don't think we should. Politics is nothing be a constant battle between ideologies. It is the blessing and the curse of the human condition. A blessing because it gives us a choice. And a curse because we seem, based on history, to be such sorry ass, selfish, rank amateurs in the application of "choice". Pathetically, but, beyond much doubt, taking the long view is not our strong point.
So, back to your question. Since we don't KNOW, why shouldn't we choose to envision a wider horizon and make our decisions about the future based on more than global warming with, perhaps, an eye partially focused on the potential seriousness of climate change, as well as applying the gift of consideration to other, related issues? Such an attitude, such an "ideology", may lead us to the same place, a global discussion of global issues of concern that may make life not only better for us all, but simply possible for us all. The issues are bigger than "climate change". The solutions that will help us address climate change, even if it turns out to exist only in the paranoid delusional minds of 100 Nobel Laureates, will contribute to a better and more sustainable world......and my guess is that there actually may be a universal ideology that would agree that a better and more sustainable world is something we should all strive for."
More resources from my colleagues:
Union of Concerned Scientists on "global warming" http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/
Skeptical Science "examining the science of global warming" http://www.skepticalscience.com/
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/index.htm
Climate science by climate scientists http://www.realclimate.org/
Elizabeth Kolbert, 'Fieldnotes from a Catastrophe'
Mark Lynas, 'Six Degrees'